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Roman Bourse or Double Church of the Virgin Mary Print E-mail

Roman Bourse or double church of the Virgin Mary
This Roman building is dated to the 2nd century A.D. It is a three-aisled church measuring 265 x 90 m. Until its conversion into a church in the 4th century A.D. it performed a secular function. Its proximity to the harbour allowed important commercial goods to be marketed here without the necessity of transporting them into the city itself. The Byzantine church was added to the western side.
Austrian archaeologists are engaged here in endeavours to locate the site of the bishop's palace. The church itself housed the third Ecumenical council at which the divine character of Christ and the Virgin Mary was discussed. Nestorius (380-451), the founder of the school of Antioch and the Patriarchate of Istanbul put forward the view opposing the divine nature of Christ and regarding Mary not as the mother of God but as the mother of a human being. The Alexandrian school on the other hand, put foward the more mystical, more traditional view that Mary was the mother of God and in the end Nestorius was exiled. Ephesus thus became one of the most important centres of the Christian world and the reverence for the Virgin Mary at Ephesus was greatly increased.

The so called Robber Council of 449 accepted the thesis of the purely divine nature of Christ in which his human character was completely ignored. This doctrine was later in the East as Monophysitism.

The Sightseeings of Ephesus 

The Gymnasium of VediusRoman Bourse or double church of the Virgin MaryAgoraThe Theatre
The StadiumThe Gate of Mazaeus and MithridatesLibrary of CelsusTemple of Serapis
The Arcadiane WayThe Marble WayBrothel Latrine
Terrace HousesThe Street of the Curetes Scholasticia BathsPrytaneion
The Temple of HadrianCave of the Seven SleepersFountain of TrajanState Agora
Monument of MemmiusThe Temple of Domitian Gate of HerculesOdeum
Fountain of Pollio

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